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拓展训练是怎么来的?

发布日期:2021-08-17 来源:https://www.lijianjunlv.com/
拓展训练是一种户外体验式训练, 源于西方英文outward bound(出境旅游),他是一个航海术语,当船只要出发时,用于召唤船员上船的旗语,表明出发的时候就要到了,船员们看到后会很快的回到穿上整装待发。
Outward bound training is a kind of outdoor experiential training, which originates from the Western English outbound bound. It is a navigation term. When the ship just starts, it is used to call the crew on the ship. It indicates that the time of departure is coming. The crew will soon return to put on their clothes and be ready to go.
outward bound从字面理解为出海的船被越来越多的人接受。并在教育领域诠释为一艘小船在暴风雨来临之际,离开安全的港湾,驶向波涛汹涌的大海,去迎接未知的挑战,面临风险与困难的同时,也可能发现新的机遇。
Outward bound is literally understood as a ship going to sea, which is accepted by more and more people. In the field of education, it is interpreted as a small boat, leaving the safe harbor and heading for the rough sea when the storm is coming, to meet the unknown challenges, face risks and difficulties, and may also find new opportunities.
outward bound来源于一个 真实的故事, 在第二次世界大战时,大西洋有很多船由于受到攻击而沉没,大批船员落水,由于海水冰冷,又远离大陆,绝大多数的船员又不幸遇难,但仍有极少数的人在经历了长时间的磨难后终于得以生还。当人们了解了这些生还者的情况后,发现了一个令人惊奇的事实,这就是生还者不是人们想象的那样都是些身体强壮的小伙子,而大多数是年老体弱的人。
The outward bound comes from a true story. During the Second World War, many ships in the Atlantic sank due to attacks, and a large number of crew members fell into the water. Because the sea was cold and far from the mainland, the vast majority of crew members were killed, but a very small number of people finally survived after a long period of suffering. When people learned about the survivors, they found a surprising fact that the survivors were not as strong young men as people thought, but mostly old and weak people.
经过一段时间的调查研究,了解情况,专家们终于找到了这个问题的答案:这些人之所以能活下来,关键在于他们又良好的心里素质、强烈的家庭责任感和求生欲望、良好的团队精神和沟通意识。当遇到灾难的时候,幸存者首先想到的是:“我一定要活下去!”在他们的心中,当时想的最多的是: 相信自己能找到办法,努力让自己冷静下来,主动与别人合作想办法求救或自救。
After a period of investigation and research and understanding the situation, the experts finally found the answer to this question: the key to these people's survival lies in their good psychological quality, strong sense of family responsibility and desire for survival, good team spirit and communication consciousness. When faced with a disaster, the first thing the survivors think of is: "I must live!" In their hearts, what they thought most at that time was: believe that they can find a way, try to calm themselves down, take the initiative to cooperate with others and find a way to ask for help or self-help.
济南拓展训练
而年轻的海员想到最多的是:“我怎么如此不幸,这下我可能要完了,不能活着回去了。”他们只顾及到自己,过早的失去信心,或无谓的浪费了太多的体力。
What the young seaman thought of most was: "why am I so unfortunate? Now I may be finished and can't go back alive." They only care about themselves, lose confidence prematurely, or waste too much physical strength unnecessarily.
对于海员幸存者的研究,德国籍教育学家库尔特·汉恩(kurt han,1886-1974年)作出了许多贡献,他研究设计一些人工设施和自然条件,模拟海难发生时的情境,让那些年轻的海员做一些具有心理挑战的活动和项目,以训练和提高他们的心理素质,提高应对海上危机的求生能力。
Kurt Han (1886-1974), a German educator, made many contributions to the study of seafarer survivors. He studied and designed some artificial facilities and natural conditions to simulate the situation when a shipwreck occurred, and asked those young seafarers to do some activities and projects with psychological challenges, so as to train and improve their psychological quality, Improve the ability to survive maritime crises.
1886年,库尔特·汉恩出生与柏林月一个有地位的家庭,他从小喜欢远足探险,探险过程中磨练了他的意志,成长的阅历式他得到一个深刻体会:学农要从种植开始,一切只是源于实践,经验来自于亲身体验,有了亲身体验就会获得长久的记忆,甚至终生不忘。后来,库尔特·汉恩构想着将来建一所学校, 以“从做中学”的理念来实现他的愿望,他希望在这个学校里思想和行动不再对立,这些思考对后来的思想有重要影响。
In 1886, Kurt Han was born into a high-ranking family in Berlin. He liked hiking and exploration since childhood. His will was honed in the process of exploration and his experience of growth. He got a profound experience: learning farmers should start from planting, everything comes from practice, and experience comes from personal experience. With personal experience, he will have a long-term memory, or even never forget it for life. Later, Kurt Hahn conceived of building a school in the future to realize his wish with the concept of "learning by doing". He hoped that there would be no opposition between thought and action in this school. These thoughts had an important impact on later thoughts.
由于汉恩犹太人的身份和他的社会活动,德国统治者想对他实施谋杀,1933 年2月的大逮捕中,汉恩入狱,在他的英国朋友的努力下,英国首相拉姆齐·麦唐纳作出官方抗议后,汉恩得到释放并于同年7月启程到了英国。1943年4月,汉恩建了一所戈登思陶恩男校,起初只用两个学员,但这没有动摇汉恩的决心,由于此后的不断努力,不久该校就成了一个非常有名望的学校。9月份就有21名学员,此后学校的招生人数稳步增长。
Due to Han's Jewish identity and his social activities, the German rulers wanted to murder him. Han was jailed in the general arrest in February 1933. With the efforts of his British friends and the official protest of British Prime Minister Ramsey MacDonald, Han was released and set off for Britain in July of the same year. In April 1943, Han built a Gordon Thorne boys' school with only two students at first, but this did not shake Han's determination. Due to continuous efforts since then, the school soon became a very famous school. There were 21 students in September, and the enrollment of the school has increased steadily since then.
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